“Most folks are as happy as they make up their minds to be. “Abraham Lincoln
The brain learns all the time, and not only when instructed, and for that reason it makes a big difference if one enjoys interacting with something or is bored.Whenever we learn something we change our brain, and this process goes on throughout our life time. Manfred Spitzer et al. Braintertainment
I hear more and more stories about people who study a certain language for years and never get anywhere. I see the high cost of these courses, whether Wall Street Institute or, as recently in St. Gallen, the Migros courses, I am struck by one evident (to me at least) truth.The most powerful resource in language learning is the learner. Most people can become effective independent language learners. They just need to be shown how. We do not need more language courses, language labs, language teaching certificate courses, or textbooks. We just need to help learners understand how to learn and take advantage of the language that surrounds them, in media, on the Internet and elsewhere.
In a comment to a previous post, Melissa spelled out what I think happens to a lot of language learners.“To comment on the original post, I spent a significant amount of time in the beginning of my language learning journey focusing on the “work” (grammar, sentence structure, memorizing vocabulary) rather than on natural discourse. Eventually I learned to pull back on the former and increase the latter, which has led to far better results. It would make sense to me if this was a route that most language-learners take. “ I am convinced that there are millions of people who would like to become comfortable in another language. They often expect the task of learning another language to consist of a lot of “ “work” (grammar, sentence structure, memorizing vocabulary) “, and this thought often holds them back. But what is worse, if they do start to try to learn a language, they often seem to want this structured, “”work” (grammar, sentence structure, memorizing vocabulary) ” approach, and resist more natural, more enjoyable and more effective approaches. It seems almost masochistic, or maybe it is the result of conditioning in school. But this attitude is a major obstacle to language learning.
A recent study seems to show that a lot of exposure and a little practice can be as effective as a lot of practice in learning languages and music. This was reported on the Street-Smart Language Learning blog.These kinds of studies are always subject to interpretation.What I take from this is that a lot of the deliberate learning “work” that language learners do, like grammar exercizes, or even flash card review, should not be overdone. A small amount of these activities, or even better, natural output activities like speaking and writing, when accompanied by lots of listening and reading (exposure), can go a long way. It should be noted, furthermore, that listening to or reading meaningful content involves a more focused and interactive process than just listening to something in the background as the subjects of this study did.I tend to use my speaking and writing , or flash card review, as an opportunity to discover gaps, and to make me attentive to certain types of phrases or words, that I then notice more when I listen and read. But a little speaking and writing and word review seems to go a long way. Maybe this study explains why.
In Belgium, Canada, Spain and other places, sparks fly over language politics.Here in Sicily, if I got the history figured out right, there were, in pre-historice times, some early settlers who spoke Indo-European and maybe other languages. Then a large number of Greek colonialists arrived and set up competing and flourishing colonies, and pretty soon the whole island was speaking Greek, with pockets of Phoenican. The Carthaginians attacked from time to time, and so did the Romans, who eventually made Sicily a colony, and then, especially with the spread of Christianity, and the Roman church, most Sicilians spoke Latin until the Roman Empire collapsed, and the Byzantine Greeks took over the place, and their Eastern variety of Christianity took over and the locals spoke mostly Greek again. Then the Arabs invaded, and immigrated in large numbers, and the island became Arab speaking. Finally the Normans showed up, took power from the Arabs, brought in Italian and French people to run the place, and within a hundred years or so everyone spoke Italian. There was also immigration from Greece and Albania after that. On top of that, the Spanish ruled for 500 years until the unity of Italy in the 19th century, with minor interludes of Austrians, Piemontese and Napolitan rule, but this but had no impact on the language. At the book store where I bought this book on the history of Sicily “Breve storia della Sicilia”, the kindly store owner spent a good deal of time talking to me about Sicily. “If we had all insisted on our identities here, it would have been worse than Yugoslavia”. Sicily has its problems, but all the people I met here are happy, and extremely proud to be Sicilian. I think this is a fine example of why the modern fad of multiculturalism is very bad policy from the point of view of the long term development of countries that receive immigrants.
Sicily is wonderful, the architecture, the views, the food, the wine, but more than anything else, the people. People are not effusive like the people in Salerno, they are more conservative but just make you feel welcome. They are very proud of Sicily. We have spoken to shopkeepers, street sweepers (there are too few of these but they do exist), hotel and B and B hosts and many others. They are overwhelmingly friendly and hospitable.Here you will see 1) pictures of our host Antonio at the Casansaldo Band B in Giarre, 2) Sandro at the Rosa dei Venti farm near Enna, and finally a family who were picnicking outside the Greek temple at Selinunte. I said “bongiorno and buon appetito” and was about to drive out of the parking lot, when Francesco there waved at me to stop. I went over and he gave me the most delicious olives from his own farm and a piece of bread. This was our lunch. We then had a most delicious dinner in Trapani where we are now. We feel tremendously at home everywhere. Actually the second picture is not of Sandro, but of another couple, from Palermo, who were staying at the farm. We all had a great dinner that night. When I took the picture of Sandro I had my camera on video, so I will try loading the mistaken video and see what happens. Sandro is on the left as you look at the video.